Scientist discover 7 Exoplanet that have properties alike Earth
For the first time ever, astronomers have discovered seven Earth-size planets orbiting a nearby star — and these new worlds could hold life.This cluster of planets is less than 40 light-years away in the constellation Aquarius, according to NASA and the Belgian-led research team who announced the discovery.
The planets circle tightly around a dim dwarf star called Trappist-1, barely the size of Jupiter. Three are in the so-called habitable zone, where liquid water and, possibly life, might exist. The others are right on the doorstep. Scientists said they need to study the atmospheres before determining whether these rocky, terrestrial
planets could support some sort of life. But it already shows just how many Earth-size planets could be out there — especially in a stars sweet spot, ripe for extraterrestrial life.
Finding seven transiting Earth-sized planets in such a small sample suggests that the solar system with its four (sub-) Earth-sized planets might be nothing out of the ordinary.They all appear to be tidally locked, which means the same side continually faces the star, just like the same side of our moon always faces us. Life could still exist at these places, the researchers explained.
Tiny, cold stars like Trappist-1 were long shunned by exoplanet-hunters (exoplanets are those outside our solar system). But the Belgian astronomers decided to seek them out, building a telescope in Chile to observe 60 of the closest ultracool dwarf stars. Te Trappist telescope lent its name to this newly discovered star.
China plans to enhance its blue water capabilities.
After launching it’s 1st aircraft carrier,China is building second aircraft carrier and planning a third .
China is building a third aircraft carrier based on American models as it seeks to fortify its claims in the disputed South China Sea and dominate the larger Indian Ocean region to realise its blue water aspirations.This carrier, with a displacement of 50,000 tonnes, will be a base for J-15 fighters and other types of aircraft, Colonel Yang Yujun told a monthly press briefing.
China claims that this aircraft carrier will push their position in Blue Water Capablities.
Blue water capabilities refer to an ability to carry out operations much farther than their territorial boundaries, across the deep oceans.Fixed-wing aircraft on the carrier will use a ski-jump to take off the carrier will have a conventional power plant, this indicates that it will not be a nuclear powered ship.
India launches Bharat QR code to bring in cashless-cash economy.
With the launch of BharatQR code— retail electronic payments will become more seamless.
This quick response (QR) code is mandated by the government to enable digital payments without card swiping machines. This measure by government will change the way retail payments are conducted digitally in India.
What is this QR code?
It is a two-dimensional (black squares arranged in a square grid on a white background), machine-readable optical label that contains information about the item to which it is attached.
Why it is it helpful to move towards cashless economy?
This QR code eliminates the need of entering the merchant’s ID or phone number to make payments. The customers can simply make payments by scanning the QR code and entering the transaction amount. The amount gets transferred directly from the bank account without the need of a swiping machine.
Why is the government promoting BharatQR?
The government expects BharatQR to turn out as the next big digital payment solution after the initial success of Bharat Interface for Money, or BHIM, an app developed to further its cashless push.
This will be very convenient for those people who are into mobile banking and do not want to use debit or credit cards for small value payments. It is oriented to enable small and medium size merchants to acquire more customers.
A recent study reveals high levels of pollutants under the ocean.
Scientists have found that creatures living in some of the deepest places in the ocean have high levels of pollutants. This study was conducted by capturing and testing the crustaceans from the Mariana Trench (the deepest trench in Pacific ocean), comparing them with crabs from one of the most polluted River.The tests have found incredibly high amounts of pollution in the deep-sea animals.
Results of the study.
Surprisingly, pollution concentrations in the crustaceans plucked from the Mariana Trench were 50 times higher than those in crabs found in paddy fields, Rivers . The researchers wrote in the study To get a better idea of the pollutants there, the researchers set baited traps for teeny crustaceans, called amphipods, that live and scavenge in deep-sea trenches.
The scientists analyzed the amphi-pods; fatty tissues for levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), which can disrupt hormones in living beings. The results show that human-caused contamination can be found at the far reaches of the Earth, even in the Mariana Trench, which is deeper than Mount Everest is tall. This is significant since the hadal trenches are many miles away from any industrial source.
NASA has found the building blocks of life on a dwarf planet in our solar system .
A NASA spacecraft has detected carbon-based materials, similar to what may have been the building blocks for life on Earth.This finding suggests that primitive life developed there.
What is Ceres? How this helps the NASA scientist?
Ceres is a dwarf planet that orbits between Mars and Jupiter in the main asteroid belt.It is covered with rock and ice and is about 950 kilometer in diameter.
After this finding ,Ceres has become one of the list of places in the solar system of interest to scientists looking for life beyond Earth.
The discovery indicates that the starting material in the solar system contained the essential elements, or the building blocks, for life. Based on the location and type of organics found on Ceres, scientists ruled out the possibility they were deposited by a crashing asteroid or comet.
Mass Plantation of anti-diabetic plants to fight against Diabeties.
TamilNadu Agricultural University has joined hands with farmers for mass production of a Anti-Diabetic plant Salacia Oblonga.
What is this Salacia Oblonga?
Salacia Oblonga also called “Ponkoranti” in Tamil is a strangling shrub native to India and Sri Lanka.It is traditional medicines used for the treating Diabetes Mellitus because it contains a molecule called Salacino. This molecule prevents the body from absorbing the sugar from foods consumed.
Studies that have proved that Salacia Oblonga is Anti-Diabetic.
A study has showed that its extract from Salacia Oblonga is beneficial for type-2 diabetes.Another study suggested that 1000 mg of Salacia Oblonga extract following a meal after 12 hours of fasting could reduce blood glucose levels.
3D-Printed Vertebrae Helps Woman to walk again
The team of surgeons from Gurugram, replaced the damaged vertebrae with a 3D-printed titanium vertebrae to bridge the gap between the first and fourth cervical vertebrae.This news has come as a hope and relief for those suffering from spine-related problems.
Surgeons say that the use of 3D-printing technology has helped them in bringing a successful outcome and most importantly a life was saved by this technique.
Processes involved in this surgery
Step 1:The titanium cage was customised according to the patient’s original spine.
Step 2:The high-resolution CT and MRI scans of the patient spine were uploaded on the software and a dummy of the patient’s spine was 3D printed to measure the gaps and surgical resection between the first and the fourth cervical vertebrae.
Step 3:Finally, the three-dimensional titanium implant was printed, which was to be placed in the body.
The printed 3D titanium vertebrae were further tested for biomechanics and stress risers after receiving inputs from design teams in India, Sweden and the US
Highlights of this surgery: 1.Damaged vertebrae replaced with 3D-printed titanium vertebrae. 2.First such surgery in India using 3D-printing technology, third in world. 3.Woman can walk again after bout of disabling spinal tuberculosis.
Astronomers spots over 100 new potential planets using a interesting technique
Scientists have detected more than 100 new potential exoplanets, including one orbiting a star which is about 8.1 light years away from the Earth, using one of the most successful techniques for spotting alien worlds.
These exoplanets were detected using a technique called the radial velocity method.
All you want to know about Radial Velocity Method..
The radial velocity method takes advantage of the fact that the planet’s gravity also affects the star. Astronomers are able to use sophisticated tools to detect the tiny wobble the planet induces as its gravity tugs on the star.
Astronomers have released the largest-ever compilation of exoplanets.The compilation includes almost 61,000 individual measurements made of more than 1,600 stars.
The virtual mountain of data was gathered as part of a two-decade radial velocity planet-hunting programme that uses a spectrometer called HIRES, mounted on the 10-metre Keck-I telescope of the W M Keck Observatory atop Mauna Kea in Hawaii.
By making the data public, the team is offering unprecedented access to one of the best exoplanet searches in the world.
Pic Courtesy : NASA.
Indian Air Force to induct surveillance system ‘Eye in the Sky’ soon.
The Indian Air Force (IAF) will induct the first indigenously developed all-weather airborne early warning and control AEW&C system— ‘Eye in the Sky’— at the Aero India 2017,augmenting its ability to detect incoming cruise missiles, fighter jets or even drones from both Pakistan and China.
Research And Development
The indigenous AEW&C system, developed by the Centre for Airborne Systems (CABS) in Bengaluru and integrated on Brazilian-made Embraer-145 aircraft, will add to the capabilities along with the three Phalcon systems.
Know more about ‘Eye in the Sky‘
The system is equipped with a 240-degree coverage radars in contrast to the existing Phalcons, which provide a 360-degree coverage over a 400-km range. The AEW&C system will detect, identify and classify threats present in the surveillance area and act as a Command and Control Centre to support Air Defence operations.
Shawna Pandhya becomes 3rd woman astronaut of Indian Origin.
An Indian-origin neurosurgeon currently based in Canada has been shortlisted by NASA for its 2018 space mission under the Citizen Science Astronaut (CSA) programme. Dr Shawna Pandya, 32, will join the league of Kalpana Chawla and Sunita Williams.
Dr Pandya, who was born in Canada, is a general physician with the Alberta University Hospital. She has her roots in Mumbai, where her grandmother currently lives in Mahalaxmi area. Dr Pandya, was shortlisted after securing top score in the CSA programme.
Besides being passionate about becoming a doctor and an astronaut since her childhood, she is also an opera singer, an international champion in taekwondo and has also done her training in Muay Thai with a Navy SEAL, as per her bio-data.
A Cow has produced 35,153 litres of milk,and creates record
A cow from Wisconsin, US set a record by producing nearly 35,153 litres of milk last year. Named
My Gold, the four-year- old Holstein cow lives in Ever-Green- View Farms in Waldo.
One of the owner of the cow Tom Kestell compared the animal performance was similar to that of a world class athlete.
It’s just like watching Usain Bolt run the 100-yard dash. Its not hard on the cow. Its just something that these cows are bred to do and if everything falls in place, then they express that ability.
Kestell and his family have been working with My Gold and the rest of her family, including her other offspring for 30 years.
Kashmir valley witnesses a highest snowfall recorded since quarter century.
Kashmir Valley has turned picture beautiful after receiving the thickest snowfall in 25 years.
Meteorological department has said a total of 23cm snowfall has been recorded so far in the Valley this year, and predictions have indicated more snow in the upcoming days.
The last time the Valley saw so much snow was in 1992.In February 2006, it had snowed heavily too, but not comparable to this year with falling snowflakes coinciding with ‘chillai kalan’
What is Chiilai Kalan? Why it brings.?
It is the term for the harshest period of winter in Kashmir when midnight temperatures drop to -10 to -20 degree Celsius from December 21 to January 30.
People in Kashmir consider ‘chillai kalan’ – as a blessing, as it sustains the Himalayan snow cover, ensuring irrigation water for rabi crop during summers. Heavy snow also attracts tourists to the Gulmarg ski slopes and recharges the water table in Kashmir.
Scientists find a Tail of Black Hole hiding in our Milky way.
Black holes are difficult to find,because they are completely black. In some cases black Hole creates creates a intriguing effect.
If a black hole has a companion star, gas streaming into the black hole piles up around it and forms a disk. The disk heats up due to the enormous gravitational pull by the black hole and emits intense radiation.But if a black hole is floating alone in space, no emissions would be observable coming from it.
The Group of scientists found a compact molecular cloud with enigmatic motion. This cloud,is named the “Bullet,”.To investigate the origin of the Bullet, the team performed intensive observations of the gas cloud .
The team has proposed 2 scenarios on formation of the Bullet.
1. The 1st Scenario, is the “explosion model” in which an expanding gas shell of the supernova remnant passes by a static black hole. The black hole pulls the gas very close to it, giving rise to an explosion, which accelerates the gas toward us after the gas shell has passed the black hole .
2.The 2nd scenario ,is the “irruption model” in which a high speed black hole storms through a dense gas and the gas is dragged along by the strong gravity of the black hole to form a gas stream
Way forward of this research
From the results of this research it predicts that 100 million to 1 billion black holes should exist in the Milky Way, but till now only 60 or so have been identified through observations to date. The team also expects to unlock the mystery using two possible scenarios and find more solid evidence for a black hole in the Bullet with the aid of higher resolution Astronomical telescopes.
Scientists claim that they have discovered world’s oldest Emoji.
Scientists have found a smiley face scrawled in a legal document which dates back to 1635.
A lawyer who was reviewing accounts documents in a village has signed with 2 dots and a line. This image is now recognised as smiley face emoji today. Previously the oldest known smiley face was in 1647 poem ” To Fortune” by Robert Herrick from England.
Nature turns human pollution into a beautiful glass beach.
For years, Ussuri Bay, on Russia’s Pacific shoreline, was a dumping ground for glass bottles and waste from a nearby porcelain factory. But nature found a way to turn lemons into lemonade, and today, all those unwanted materials have been shaped into a colorful glass beach.
Man runs half marathon with just one lung as a tribute for World Cancer day.
Kanishka Lahiri is Bangalore-based software professional has run several marathons and ultra-marathons and trekked extensively in the Himalayas. But, in the second half of 2013, Kanishka developed a dry cough. Attributing it to Bangalore weather and pollution, he ignored it. The doctors struggled to diagnose the cause of Kanishka’s worsening health. Medications for all suspected conditions were given but no one really suspected that a person as physically active as Kanishka would have any serious illness. It turned out to be cancer.
The true grit
Kanishka Lahiri’s right lung had to be removed completely because of cancer. With half the lung capacity of a normal human, he still runs and treks in the mountains.
Baby of 4 months becomes part of UK Brexit history
A 4-month- old baby boy has become part of Brexit history after he was allowed inside the House of Commons along with his MP mother who interrupted her maternity leave to vote on triggering Britain’s divorce from the European Union (EU).
Now You can scuba dive for a Dinner
With the aim of enhancing tourism the Belgian tourism has come out with a new innovative idea to attract tourist from across the world. In this attempt they have introduced a Scuba Diving where tourists can have dinner .
This setup is built using a spheric water proof dinning room,which of size where a couple can dine.
This setup is installed inside one of the world’s deepest pools which is in Brussels.
Rubbish Fuel to soon power Cathay flights
The Cathay flights to Hong Kong From USA will now switch to Bio-fuels made from landfill rubbish on selected flights.This will be the combination of Conventional jet fuels and Bio-fuels .
What will the implication of using these?
This Bio-fuel usage will cut down the emission on flights by 80%. The lower emission will help fight the Global warming and mitigate the effects of Climate change.
Talks on merger of Tele-Com majors Vodafone & Idea
Consolidation in India’s $27 billion telecom industry received a massive boost with Vodafone Group Plc. confirming that it is in talks for a merger of its Indian unit with Aditya Birla Group’s Idea Cellular Ltd.
The proposed merger will create the nation’s largest telecom firm with combined revenue of Rs78,000 crore and a 43% share of the market hitherto dominated by Bharti Airtel Ltd, which reported annual revenue of Rs50,008 crore from local telecom operations in the last financial year.
Why Talks for merger?
The consolidation has been triggered by the entry of Reliance Jio Infocomm Ltd, in which parent Reliance Industries Ltd has invested a staggering $25 billion.
Since the launch of its services in September, Jio has offered free voice and data and signed up more than 72 million users, forcing rivals, including Vodafone India and Idea, to slash tariffs in response.
Vodafone Group had to write off €5 billion in its Indian business last year and defer a proposed share sale which will become irrelevant should the merger go through; Idea is already listed on the exchanges and the merged entity will automatically be listed.
Space Travel May Cause Genetic Changes
Space travel may cause changes in gene expression and other biological markers in astronauts, a NASA study of twins has found.Scientists studied the genetic differences between astronaut Scott Kelly, who spent nearly a year in space, and his identical twin Mark.
Changes found amongst Astronauts.
Measurements taken before, during and after Scott Kelly’s mission show changes in gene expression, DNA methylation and other biological markers that are likely to be attributable to his time in orbit.
From the lengths of the twins’ chromosomes to the microbiomes in their guts, “almost everything is reporting differences.DNA methylation – the reversible addition of a chemical marker to DNA that can affect gene expression – decreased in Scott during flight and increased in Mark over the same period.
Chronic exposure to commonly used insecticide causes diabetes
A study by Scientists has found evidence that chronic exposure to organo-phosphate insecticides induces diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in both humans and mice.
Studies conducted by Scientists
To ascertain that chronic exposure to organo-phosphates led to diabetes, the researchers treated mice with organo-phosphate for 180 days, which is equivalent to 12-15 years of human life.
They saw an increase in blood sugar level from day 60 in mice treated with the insecticide. But they didn’t see any correlation between insecticide and neurotransmitter (acetylcholine esterase) level in mice treated with the pesticide. The neurotransmitter is the main target of the pesticide.
Thus the Scientists were confident that the pesticide was inducing diabetes through a new route of action.
Nalanda University gets new Chancellor
Dr. Vijay Bhatkar, the man behind India’s first supercomputer, the Param series, is to be the new Chancellor of Nalanda University.
He says that his main vision for his new appointment would be “to bring forward the universalisation of the mind, that universities are for.” He also added that “Nalanda was the centre of knowledge in ancient India and we need to revive that.”
Who is Dr.Vijay Bhatkar?
Dr. Bhatkar studied at the Indian Institute of Technology (Delhi) and the Maharaja Sayaji Rao University. He was the driving force behind the the Indian supercomputer, the Param series, and made it available to the Garuda grid on the National Knowledge Network.He received the Padma Bhushan in 2015 in the field of science and technology.
Government Okayed new currency 5 months before Demonitisation
The design of the new Rs. 2,000 and Rs. 500 notes were approved by the government on June 7, 2016 – a full five months before it announced that existing high denomination currency bills would no longer be valid. This was revealed by the Reserve Bank of India in response to a Right To Information request filed.
On its part, the Reserve Bank of India had approved the designs of the new notes on May 19. The RBI however refused to share other details, including the full proposal or answering the question “whether any estimate or study was undertaken by the RBI to study how long it would take to print the new 500 and 2000 rupee note.
Why RBI refused to reveal further details?
RBI said that disclosure of the information would “prejudicially affect the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security, strategic, scientific or economic interests of the State, relation with foreign State or lead to incitement of an offence.
Now Smart glasses can automatically focus on what you see
The days of wearing bifocals or constantly swapping reading glasses may soon be over, thanks to the new ‘smart glasses’ developed by scientists, including one of Indian origin, that can automatically adjust the focus on what a person is seeing, whether it is far away or close.Researchers explain how these smart glasses will work?
The “smart glasses”contain lenses made of glycerin, a thick colourless liquid enclosed by flexible rubber-like membranes in the front and back. The rear membrane in each lens is connected to a series of three mechanical actuators that push the membrane back and forth like a transparent piston, changing the curvature of the liquid lens and the focal length between the lens and the eye. When the wearer looks at an object, the meter instantly measures the distance and tells the actuators how to curve the lenses.
If the user then sees another object that is closer, the distance meter readjusts and tells the actuators to reshape the lens for farsightedness. The lenses can change focus from one object to another in 14 milliseconds. A rechargeable battery in the frames could last more than 24 hours per charge.How to use this?
Before putting them on for the first time, all users have to do is to input their eyeglasses prescription into an accompanying smartphone app, which then calibrates the lenses automatically via a Bluetooth connection.
HIV children treated badly in schools
A Supreme Court Bench led by Chief Justice of India J.S. Khehar has sought the government’s response on why — despite the Right to Education being a Fundamental Right — children suffer this way.
Treatment meeted out by Child HIV victims in Schools.
Denial of admission, outright expulsion, segregation, breach of confidentiality to cleaning toilets and classrooms. These are the ways schools treat children living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
They are publicly ridiculed by school authorities, humiliated and treated unfairly in schools, to the extent that they have been segregated from other children in schools and have been made to clean toilets and classrooms.
This discriminatory and degrading treatment is a direct assault on the children’s privacy, autonomy and dignity under Articles 21, 21A and 14
Mt. Everest to be remeasured by Survey of India
The Survey of India would soon “remeasure” the height of Mount Everest to verify doubts expressed over it in some sections of the scientific community following the major earthquake in Nepal two years ago and to help scientific studies.
Why remeasure again?
Two years have passed since the major Nepal earthquake. After that, there is a doubt in the scientific community that it is shrinking. That is one of the reasons.
Second reason is, it helps in scientific studies, plate movements etc
Improved Pinaka rockets test-fired successfully
Pinaka rockets, with a guidance system and an enhanced range, were successfully test-fired from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur, Odhisa. The earlier Pinaka version, which was an unguided one, has now been transformed into a guided version, with a navigation, guidance and control kit developed by the Research Centre, Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad.
How Improvisation has helped India Armoury?
The conversion helped in enhancing the range and accuracy of Pinaka. If its range was earlier 40 km, it is more than 70 km now. Radars, electro-optical systems and telemetry systems at the ITR tracked and monitored the rocket all through its flight path. The guided version is Pinaka mark-II, which evolved from Pinaka mark-I.
The success of the guided Pinaka has reinforced the technological strength of India in converting the unguided systems into weapons of high precision.
Aadhaar to be used for e-KYC to verify mobile users
The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has recommended the use of Aadhaar-based e-KYC for verification of existing mobile subscribers.
Why Aadhar Verification needed?
Aadhaar linked e-KYC service provides a robust mechanism to verify the identity of a person electronically and instantaneously from the source itself, based on the biometrics of a person. Thus, it takes care of the issues relating to fake or forged identity proof and manual entry into the system.
A scheme could be formulated to encourage the existing subscribers to undergo the e-KYC process.“The existing paper-based KYC is not robust enough and the possibility of significant number of working SIMs, which may have been acquired on fake/forged identity, cannot be fully ruled out. The owner of such fake identity would not even be aware that SIMs are working in his/her name.
Mumbai’s Western Railway plans to use UAV’s against trespass
Escalators at stations, and boundary walls along tracks have cut the death rate on Mumbai’s railways, and it will now be the turn of drones. The Western Railway is close to finalising a plan to deploy small unmanned aerial vehicles to monitor its tracks, and cut the number of train-hit deaths due to trespassing.
The drone is likely to cost the railways ₹10,000 to ₹15,000 per day to run. The images generated will enable security staff to reach an accident spot within minutes.
How Unique the plan is?
The plan is unique.It can cover nearly 30 km at a stretch.The live view from the UAV will be monitored at the control room of Railway Protection Force, where CCTV cameras are also watched. The drone will keep an eye on trespassing. The new system will map real locations and vulnerable places.
ISRO plans to launch 103 satellites on a single rocket
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will set a record when it launches 103 satellites in one go on a single rocket.
Scientists explain how they will make it possible?
The satellites will be separated from the launch vehicle in different directions. The separation angle and time of separation will be such that one satellite will not collide with another.
The satellite separated from the launch vehicle will have a relative velocity of one metre per second. So after 1,000 seconds the distance between a satellite and the rocket will be 1,000 metres. “The satellite that gets launched first will move at a relatively faster velocity than the next satellite that is launched. Due to different relative velocities, the distance between the satellites will increases continuously but the orbit will be the same.
When the vehicle reaches the orbital condition, they will wait for the disturbances to die down before the preparation for separation begins.The satellites will be injected into orbit at different locations at different angles, at different times and different orientations.
Massive Antarctic ice shelf ready to break apart
A chunk of ice half the size of Jamaica which is breaking away from West Antarctica is now attached to its parent ice shelf just by a thread.Covering 5,000 sq km and nearly 100 storeys-deep, the formation is poised to snap off from Larsen C ice shelf, creating one of the largest icebergs ever recorded.
A widening rift running the length of the finger-shaped, 350 metre-thick ice block grew 10 km longer some time during the last three weeks, satellite images revealed.The gargantuan ice cube will not add to sea levels. It is the consequence of ice sheet disintegration that most scientists worries.
Concern of scientists
Ice shelves float on the sea, extending from the coast, and are slowly fed by glaciers from the ice sheet on land. They act as giant brakes, preventing the glaciers from sliding directly into the ocean.
If the glaciers held in check by Larsen C spilt into the Antarctic Ocean, it would lift the global water mark by about 10 cm.
India innovation index to measure performance of Indian states
The World Economic Forum (WEF), NITI Aayog, World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and Cornell University will work to develop an India Innovation Index to provide impetus to states to drive innovative spirit.
The India Innovation Index will measure and rank the innovation performance of all states in India with the aim of moving India towards an innovation-driven economy.
This index will encourage states to compete with each other and, in turn, lead to better policies for inclusive growth. It will create a transparent benchmark of innovation for Indian states and spur competition among states. It will also ensure progress towards innovation at the local level in India.
Milestone in cryogenic engine test paves way for GSLV-MkIII
Making of a new cryogenic rocket engine set the stage for the first flight of the India’s most powerful satellite launcher to date, the GSLV-Mark III. The engine, technically called CE20, passed the ‘high altitude flight acceptance test’.The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) plans to fly its new launch vehicle powered by this new engine.
Why cryogenic stage engine is requied?
The cryogenic stage is vital for a GSLV rocket as it its gives final and biggest push in space ; it can take a big communications satellite to higher reaches of 36,000 km above ground.