Important Dams in India

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March 28, 2017
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April 3, 2017

           Water is one of the essential requirement for human survival. It is the availability of water on this planet earth has made it a place suitable for human habitation. Eventhough water is found abundant in ocean and sea they are not potable. Of the available water only less than 3% of water is fresh water. Monsoon, Ground water, Ice caps  are some of the few sources of fresh water.

            Inorder to save water during the time of availability and use them during the time of  scarcity water has to be stored. Thus Dams were constructed across rivers, streams, and valleys. In addtition storing water Dams serves multiple purpose. They can also be used for Hydro -Electricity generation, to control flood, and to overcome drought. Now we’ll see the list of huge dams constructed across India ,it’s total capacity and some interesting facts about these dams.

CHERUTHONI DAM , Kerala

                 Cheruthoni Dam, the largest concrete gravity dam in Kerala, is located close to Idukki arch dam.
It is the third highest dam in India with a 454 feet-high across River Cheruthoni.
                  Idukki is a hill station in India, is much famous for its wildlife treasure keenly followed by other attractions too.  The Idukki and Cheruthoni dams opened to the public in connection with the Onam festival season.  At the end of the Cheruthoni dam continued walking along the properly fenced road lead to Idukki Dam. The height of 560 feet would bring a thrilling experience and wonderful view of greens valley.

HIRAKUD DAM, Odisha

             Hirakud dam built across the Mahanadi River in tribal state Orissa.   Hirakud Dam is one of the longest dams in the world about 26 km in length.  There are two observation towers on the dam one is “Gandhi Minar” and another one is “Nehru Minar”.
             The Hirakud Reservoir is 55 km long used as multipurpose scheme intended for flood control, irrigation and power generation. It was one of the major multipurpose river valley project after Independence.

KRISHNARAJA SAGAR DAMS, Karnataka

              The Krishna Raja Sagara Dam was built across river Kaveri, the life giving river for the Mysore and Mandya districts, in 1924.  The reservoir is the main source of irrigation and drinking water for all of Mysore city and almost the whole of Bangalore city, the capital of the state of Karnataka.
                The water released from this dam is further used as an important source of water in the state of Tamil Nadu, which has its own Mettur dam in the Salem district. The dam is named for the then ruler of the Mysore Kingdom, Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV.

METTUR DAM, Tamil Nadu

                Mettur Dam built across Kaveri River at Salem district in Tamil Nadu with a height of 120 ft.
                  It is one the largest and one of the oldest dam built in India. Mettur Dam has biggest and the most power generating capacity dam in Tamil Nadu.  Mettur Dam is a very beautiful and attractive place of tourist spot, and the river is a wonderful site to explore the nature.

BHAKRA NANGAL DAM, Himachal Pradesh

               Bhakra Nangal Dam is a gravity dam across the Sutlej river Himachal Pradesh.
                  This  is the largest dam in India, with a height of 225 meters and second largest Dam in Asia.  Its reservoir, known as the “Gobind   Sagar  Lake” it is the second largest reservoir in India, the first being “Indira  Sagar   dam.”

TEHRI DAM, Uttaranchal

                Tehri Dam is located on the Bhagirathi River in the state of Uttarakhand.  Tehri Dam is the highest dam in India,With a height of 261 meters and the eighth tallest dam in the world.
                  The high rock and earth-fill embankment dam first phase was completed in 2006 and other two phases are under construction.  The Dam water reservoir use for irrigation, municipal water supply and the generation of 1,000 MW of hydroelectricity.

NAGARJUNA SAGAR DAM, Andhra Pradesh

               Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world’s largest masonry dam with a height of 124 meters, built across Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh.
              It is certainly the pride of India-considered the largest man-made lake in the world. The 1.6 km long with 26 gates dam was symbol of modern India’s architectural and technological triumphs over nature.

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