Indian rivers – Part 1March 14, 2017
Indian Rivers- Part 3March 14, 2017
You would read “Introduction to Indian River system” has been given in Part-1
Indus originates in the northern slopes of the kailash range in the tiber near lake manasarovar. It follows a north-westerly course through Tibet. Several tributaries of Indus river are the Zaskar, the Shyok, the Nubra and the Hunza join it in the Kashmir region. Indus flows through regions of ladakh, gilgit, baltistan and runs between ladakh and Zaskar ranges .The main tributaries of the river are Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and satluj
It originates in the manasarovar lake. It is slightly longer than the Indus. It flows eastward parallel to Himalayas. Reaching Namcha-barwa it takes a U-turn and enters india in arunachal Pradesh and known as dihang.
In Tibet, the river is known as Tsangpo. The river has a braided channel throughout most of its length in Assam, with a few large islands within the channel. The shifting of the channels of the river is also very common. The fury of the river during the rains is too high, creating havoc in assam and Bangladesh
The Ganga (Ganges) rises from the Gangotri Glacier in the Garhwal Himalayas under the name of Bhagirathi.
After traversing a distance of 1450 km. in Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh, the river forms boundary between Uttar Pradesh and Bihar for length of about 110 km.
In Uttar Pradesh, the major tributaries of river Ganga are the Ramganga, the Yamuna, the Gomti, and the Tons.
The river Ganga enters into state of Bihar near Buxar and leaves Jharkhand near Rajmahal.
It’s important tributaries in Bihar are the Ghaghra, the Gandak, the Burhi Gandak, the Kosi, the Sone, the Punpun and the Kiul.
The river Yamuna originates from yamunotri glacier in the Himalayas, then travels across several states and merged into the Ganga at Triveni, Allahabad.
It’s total length is 1376 km. Yamuna River passes through major cities such as Delhi, Yamuna Nagar, Agra, Mathura, Allahabad, etc. Yamuna River’s water contributed nearly 70% of Delhi’s water supply. The famous Taj Mahal is situated on the banks of Yamuna River.
River Chambal and River Betwa are its right tributaries. Some of its important left bank tributaries includes River Tons, River Hindon, etc.
The Yamuna is mentioned at many places in the Rig veda, which was composed during the vedic period . The river Yamuna is connected to religious beliefs regarding lord Krishna and various stories connected with him are found in hindu religious texts.
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